The rapid growth of the world’s population has alarmed everyone, including me. The alarming increase in population can be gauged from a recent UNICEF report on New Year’s Eve, which revealed that 371,500 babies were born on January 1, the first day of the new year alone.
According to a UNICEF report, on the eve of the New Year, India ranked first among the top 10 countries in the world in terms of birth rates, with 59,995, China 35,615, Nigeria 21,439, Pakistan 14,161, Indonesia 12,336 and Ethiopia 12,006, 10,312 in the United States, 9,455 in Egypt, 9,236 in Bangladesh and 9,640 in the Republic of the Congo. Thus, Pakistan ranks fourth in the world in terms of birth rate, which is certainly a cause for concern.
The world today is plagued by a growing population. In 1800, the world’s population was one billion, which doubled 130 years later in 1930 to 2 billion and then increased to 3 billion in just 30 years. Thus, the world’s population is increasing by one billion every 12 years, and today the world’s population has reached 7.8 billion while the resources have not increased terms of population and unfortunately out of these 7.8 billion people, more than one billion people are forced to sleep on an empty stomach. China is the world’s most populous country with a population of 1.43 billion, followed by India at 1.38 billion, the United States at 330 million, Indonesia at 270 million, Pakistan at 220 million, and Brazil at 210 million. Nigeria is seventh with a population of 200 million, Bangladesh is eighth with a population of 170 million, Russia is ninth with a population of 150 million and Mexico is tenth with a population of 130 million.
Although Pakistan ranks fifth in terms of population, Pakistan ranks fourth in terms of birth rate on New Year, which is a moment of reflection. At the time of the formation of Pakistan, the country’s population was 40 million, but in the 1981 census, the population increased to 80 million and in the 1998 census to 140 million, while almost 20 years later, according to the 2017 census, Pakistan’s population exceeded 207.7 million. Thus, with a five-fold increase in population in the last six decades, Pakistan has become the fifth largest country in the world in terms of population, and if the population continues to grow at the same rate, the day is not far when Pakistan’s population will reach 300 million by 2050. But if the government does not control it, it could have dire consequences in the future.
In the ’60s, a population planning campaign like “Low Children, Prosperous Families” was launched which was considered for East Pakistan. After the fall of Dhaka, the successive governments took several steps to control the population and in this regard, the Ministry of Population Welfare was formed, but this department seems helpless due to lack of clear government policy and in TV channels and newspapers. He is fulfilling his responsibilities by wasting money on advertisements like ‘two good children’. That is why Pakistan currently has the highest population growth rate of 2.0% in the region, compared to 1.4% in Iran, 1.2% in India, and 0.6% in Sri Lanka, indicating that the region The population of Pakistan is almost double that of other countries.
Surprisingly, Bangladesh has a population of 1.1% with 9,236 children born on New Year’s Day, compared to 14,161 in Pakistan, which suggests that Bangladesh, despite being an Islamic country, has a population We have achieved a lot in controlling but we have not been able to achieve anything in this regard.
The government should review its policy to restructure the Ministry of Family Planning to curb the rapidly growing population and take steps to make family financing conditional on a reduction in the birth rate and fewer children. Priority should be given to the head of the household in providing benefits and employment so that the population can be controlled. In this regard, lessons can be learned from the Bangladesh model, which enlisted the services of mosques and clerics to control the population, with the desired results, and Bangladesh managed to control the population rate.
The massive increase in Pakistan’s population is like a “time bomb” that could wreak havoc on the entire country like education, health, clean drinking water, transport, and employment are not available for the country’s growing population. But if the population is not controlled and the country’s population continues to grow at the same pace, economic and social problems, as well as poverty and unemployment, could have dire consequences in the future, such as unrest and terrorism.